The Art of Tae Kwon Do

Tae Kwon Do is comprised of the following major areas of practice:

Kyukpa (Breaking)

Kyukpa (breaking) is done to practice and illustrate the power, precision,and mental concentration developed through Tae Kwon Do training. Different materials, but most commonly pine boards, are broken. This area of practice develops internal and external strength derived from a confidence in one’s ability to overcome normal limitations.

ILSUSHIK (One Step Sparring)

Ilsushik (one step sparring) is a formal way of practicing self defense against a punch using an arranged set of defensive skills. Because ilsushik is choreographed, techniques can be practiced safely. Ilsushik also develops cooperation and teamwork as both partnersmust help one another to practice effectively.


Poomse (pattern or form) is a collection of Tae Kwon Do techniques arranged in a pattern. The combination of movements represents a defensive response to an imaginary opponent. As students progress in belt rank, the poomse they learn becomes increasingly more complex. Poomse develops concentration, balance, coordination, and flexibility. A well executed poomse is beautiful to watch, demonstrating both grace and power.

Gyoroogi (Sparring)

Gyoroogi (sparring) is live action practice with a partner. Protective gear is worn. Olympic rules and regulations define acceptable methods of attack and defense. Through sparring, students improve their reflexes, speed, and understanding of how to apply each technique. Tae Kwon Do sparring is part of competitions around the world.

Ho Shin Sool (Self Defense)

Ho Shin Sool (self defense) is the practice of escapes and counter moves against an attacker’s grab or hold. Self defense incorporates not only Tae Kwon Do kicks and strikes but also pressure points, joint locks, and throws.  Self defense drills require cooperation and communication between training partners to allow safe, beneficial practice.


Mook Sahang (Meditation)

Mook Sahang (meditation) is performed to allow students time to focus on their training and their personal goals for the class. Meditation improves students’ ability to visualize and conduct mental practice. Through this visualization, students can practice techniques that they are still learning or refining. The ability to stay focused also helps to relieve stress and to reduce some of life’s daily pressures.